Papers/Abstracts

A new genus and miniature species of pipehorse (Syngnathidae) from Indonesia

Martin F. Gomon

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 25-30, Volume 13, Issue 1 – 25 October 2007

Abstract

A new genus and species of the gasterosteiform family Syngnathidae, Kyonemichthys rumengani, is described from a single 26.8 mm TL adult female collected in Lembeh Straits, Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is one of the smallest members of the family relative to body mass, and resembles the pipehorse genera Acentronura, Amphelikturus and Idiotropiscis in having a short head and snout angled slightly to the axis of the body, dermal appendages and flexible tail lacking a caudal fin. It differs from the three most notably in having fewer trunk rings (9, versus 11-15), more tail rings (51, versus 37-46), a posteriorly positioned dorsal fin originating on the eighth tail ring (versus usually originating on the trunk, but not posteriorly farther than the second tail ring) and a uniquely swollen trunk with a medial constriction.

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REFERENCES

DAWSON, C. E. 1977. Synopsis of syngnathine pipefishes usually referred to the genus Ichthyocampus Kaup, with descriptions of new genera and species. Bulletin of Marine Science 27 (4): 595-560.

DAWSON, C. E. 1984. A new pipehorse (Syngnathidae) from Western Australia, with remarks on the subgenera of Acentronura. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 31 (2): 156-160, figs. 1-3.

KUITER, R. H. 2003. Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives. Revised. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, UK. IV + 237 pp.

KUITER, R. H. 2004. A new pygmy pipehorse (Pisces: Syngnathidae: Idiotropiscis) from eastern Australia. Records of the Australian Museum 56 (2): 163-165.

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