Papers/Abstracts

A new species of the Trimma caesiura complex (Gobiidae, Teleostei) from the north-eastern margin of the Australian Plate, with a redescription of the other nominal species in the complex

Richard Winterbottom and Cesar A. Villa

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 13-28, Volume 7, Issue 1 – May 2003

Abstract

A new species of Trimma caesiura species complex, T. lantana, is described from the north-eastern margin of the Australasian plate and the Solomon Islands, and four other species of the complex are redescribed. This species complex is defined by the possession of a deep, steep-sided trench between and posterodorsal to the orbits. The new species differs from its congeners in the presence of two brick-red or brown, dark-edged, rounded blotches over the vertical limb of the preopercle, and smaller but similar blotches, on the cheek below the eye and on the dorsal surface of the snout. It differs further from T. caesiura in having an elongate spine in the first dorsal fin and ventrolateral white spots on the caudal peduncle, and in lacking thin white bars on the cheek. Trimma baudei has a club-like red bar over the vertical limb of the preopercle and a distinct dark bar over the bases of the pectoral fin rays (the latter diffuse or absent in T. lantana). Two other nominal species that appear to belong to this complex are redescribed here. Both T. mendelssohni and T. winterbottomi have more than a single branch in the fifth pelvic fin ray, usually more pectoral fin rays (a mean of 18 vs. 16), and a posterior nasal opening adnate to the anterior margin of the eye (vs. distinctly separate from the eye margin). The taxonomic status of two other species in this complex, T. corallinum and T. omanensis, is currently under review elsewhere, and these species are not considered further here.

Full Text | PDF (608 KB)

REFERENCES

Akihito, Prince Hayashi, M., & T. Yoshino. 1988. Suborder Gobioidei. In: The Fishes of the Japanese Archipelago second edition. (Eds. H. Masuda, K. Amaokia, C. Araga, T. Uyeno & T. Yoshino): 228- 289, 445; pls. 235-258, 375. Tokai University Press, Tokyo.

Allen, G. R.1997. Marine Fishes of Tropical Australia and South-East Asia. Western Australian Museum, Perth, Australia. 292 pp.

Boulenger, G. A. 1897. Descriptions of new fishes from the Mekran Coast, Persia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 6: 420-422.

Burgess, W. E., Axelrod, H. R. & R. E. Hunziker. 1990. Dr. Burgess’s Atlas of Marine Aquarium Fishes (Second Edition). T.F.H. publications, New Jersey. 768 pp.

Goren, M. 1978. A new gobiid genus and seven new species from Sinai coasts (Pisces: Gobiidae). Senckenberg Biologica, 59 (3/4): 191-203.

Hubbs, C. L. & K. F. Lagler. 1958. Fishes of the Great Lakes Region. University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Michigan. 213 pp.

Jordan, D. S. & A. Seale. 1906. The fishes of Samoa. Description of the species found in the archipelago, with a provisional check-list of the fishes of Oceania. Bulletin of the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, 25: 173-455.

Kuiter, R. H. 1992. Tropical Reef-Fishes of the Western Pacific – Indonesia and Adjacent Waters. Penerbit PT, Jakarta, Indonesia. 314 pp.

Randall, J. E. 1998. Zoogeography of shore fishes of the Indo-Pacific region. Zoological Studies, 37 (4): 227-268.

Randall, J. E., Downing, N., McCarthy, L. J., Stanaland, B. E. & A. B. Tarr. 1994. Fifty-one new records of fishes from the Arabian Gulf. Fauna Saudi Arabia, 15: 220-258.

Smith, J. L. B. 1957. The fishes of Aldabra (Part VI). Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 12: 817-829 (for 1956).

Sunobe, T. & A. Nakazono. 1990. Polygynous matings system of Trimma okinawae (Pisces: Gobiidae) at Kagoshima, Japan with a note on sex change. Ethology, 84: 133-143.

Sunobe, T. & A. Nakazono. 1993. Sex change in both directions by alteration of social dominance in Trimma okinawae (Pisces: Gobiidae). Ethology, 94: 339-345.

Winterbottom, R. 1984. A review of the gobiid fish genus Trimma from the Chagos Archipelago, central Indian Ocean, with the description of seven new species. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 62: 695-715.

Winterbottom, R. 1995. Red Sea gobiid fishes of the genus Trimma, with the description of two new species. Revue française d’Aquariologie, 22 (3-4): 93-98.

Winterbottom, R. & M. Burridge. 1992. Revision of Egglestonichthys and of Priolepis species possessing a transverse pattern of cheek papillae (Teleostei; Gobiidae), with a discussion of relationships. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 70: 1934-1946.

Previous post

A new species of Trimma (Gobiidae) from the western Indian Ocean

Next post

Feeding habits fo the lizardfish Synodus saurus (Linnaeus, 1758) (Actinopterygii: Synodontidae)

The Author

Rossella

Rossella

No Comment

Leave a reply