Papers/Abstracts

Feeding habits of the convict surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus (Teleostei: Acanthuridae) on the Los Frailes reef, Baja California Sur, Mexico

Leonardo A. Abitia-Cárdenas, Xchel G. Moreno-Sánchez, Deivis S. Palacios-Salgado and Ofelia Escobar-Sánchez

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp.121-126, Volume 17, Issue 3  10 July 2011

Abstract
Studies of the feeding habits of reef-inhabiting herbivorous species are important since they are the first level in the trophic chain between primary producers and consumers. This study is the first contribution to determine the diet of the convict surgeonfish Acanthurus triostegus from the Los Frailes reef, Baja California Sur, Mexico. We describe qualitative and quantitatively the trophic spectrum of 50 A. triostegus individuals, using the traditional methods of frequency of occurrence and weight, as well as the index of relative importance. Overall, we identified 35 food components, of which 18 were algae of the Class Rhodophyceae, 10 of the Chlorophyceae and six Phaeophyceae. We determined that A. triostegus is a strict diurnal herbivore, which mainly feeds on the green alga Ulva linza, and even though it is a species with a wide geographic distribution, its behavioral feeding pattern is homogeneous.

Full Text | PDF (68 KB)

REFERENCES

ABBOTT, I. A. & HOLLENBERG, G. J. 1976. Marine Algae of California. Stanford University. Stanford, California. 827 pp.

ANAYA-REYNA, G. & RIOSMENA-RODRÍGUEZ, R. 1996. Macroalgas del arrecife coralino de Cabo Pulmo-Los Frailes, Baja California Sur, México. Revista de Biología Tropical 44 (2): 903-906.

CRAIG, P. C. 1998. Temporal spawning patterns of several surgeonfishes and wrasses in American Samoa. Pacific Science 52 (1): 35-39.

DAWSON, E. Y. 1944. The marine algae of the Gulf of California. Allan Hancock Pacific Expeditions 3 (10): 189-464.

DAWSON, E. Y. 1961. A guide to the literature and distributions of Pacific benthic algae from Alaska to the Galápagos Islands. Pacific Science 15: 370-461.

ESPINOZA-AVALOS, J. 1993. Macroalgas marinas del Golfo de California. In: Biodiversidad Marina y Costera de México. (Eds S. I. Salazar-Vallejo & González, N. E.): 328- 357. CONABIO. CIQRO.

HORN, M. H. 1983. Optimal diets in complex environments: feeding strategies of two herbivorous fishes from a temperate rocky intertidal zone. Oecologia 58: 345-350.

HURBERT, S. H. 1978. The measurement of niche overlap and some relatives. Ecology 59: 67-77.

LINNAEUS, C. 1758. Systema naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordinus, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Impensis Direct. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 824 pp.

LITTLER, M. M. & LITTLER, D. S. 1980. The evolution of thallus form and survival strategies in benthic marine macroalgae: field and laboratory tests of a functional form model. The American Naturalist 116 (1): 25-44.

LONGENECKER, K., LANGSTON, R. & EBLE, J. 2008. Reproduction, growth, and mortality of manini, Acanthurus triostegus sandvicensis. Fisheries Local Action Strategy. Contribution No. 2008-006 to the Hawaii Biological Survey. Honolulu, Hawaii: p.1-23.

MCCORMICK, M. I. 1999. Delayed metamorphosis of a tropical reef fish (Acanthurus triostegus): A field experiment. Marine Ecology Progress Series 176: 25-38.

MONTGOMERY, W. L., GERRODETTE, T. & MARSHALL, L. 1980. Effects of grazing by the yellowtail surgeonfish, Prionurus punctatus, on algal communities in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science 30 (4): 901-908.

MONTGOMERY, W. L. 1980a. The impact of non-selective grazing by the giant blue damselfish, Microspathodon dorsalis, on algal communities in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Bulletin of Marine Science 30: 290-303.

MONTGOMERY, W. L. 1980b. Comparative feeding ecology of two herbivorous damselfishes (Pomacentridae:

Teleostei) from the Gulf of California, Mexico. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 47: 9-24.

MORENO, X. G., ABITIA, L. A., FAVILA, A., GUTIÉRREZ, F. J. & PALACIOS, D. S. 2009. Ecología trófica del pez Arothron meleagris (Tetraodontiformes: Tetraodontidae) en el arrecife de Los Frailes, Baja California Sur, México. Revista de Biología Tropical 57 (1-2): 113-123.

MORENO, X. G. 2009. Estructura y organización trófica de la ictiofauna del arrecife de Los Frailes, Baja California Sur, México. Doctoral dissertation. CICIMAR-IPN. La Paz, Baja California Sur, México. 160 pp.

NELSON, J. S. 2006. Fishes of the world. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. Fourth Edition. 613 pp.

OJEDA, F. P. & MUÑOZ, A. A. 1999. Feeding selectivity of the herbivorous fish Scartichthys viridis: effects on macroalgal community structure in a temperate rocky intertidal coastal zone. Marine Ecology Progress Series 184: 219-229.

PINKAS L., OLIPHANT, S. M. & IVERSON, I. L. K. 1971. Food habits of albacore, bluefin tuna, and bonito in California waters. Fishery Bulletin 152: 105.

PLANES, S. & FAUVELOT, C. 2002. Isolation by distance and vicariance drive genetic structure of a coral reef fish in the Pacific Ocean. Evolution 56 (2): 378-399.

RANDALL, J. E. 1956. A revision of the surgeonfish genus Acanthurus. Pacific Science 10: 159–235.

RANDALL, J. E. 1961. A contribution to the biology of the cirujano convicto of the Hawaiian Islands, Acanthurus triostegus sandvicensis. Pacific Science 15 (2): 215–272.

RANDALL, J. E. 1967. Food habits of reef fishes of the West Indies. Studies in Tropical Oceanography 5: 665-847.

ROBERTSON, D. R. & GAINES, S. D. 1986. Interference competition structures habitat use in a local assemblage of coral reef surgeonfishes. Ecology 67 (5): 1372-1383.

ROBERTSON, D. R. & ALLEN, G. R. 2002. Shore fishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific: an Information System. CDROM. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama.

TARGETT, T. E. & TARGETT, N. M. 1990. Energetics of food selection by the herbivorous parrotfish Sparisoma radians: roles of assimilation efficiency, gut evacuation rate, and algal secondary metabolites. Marine Ecology Progress Series 66: 13-21.

THOMSON, A. D., FINDLEY, L. T. & KERSTITICH, A. N. 2000. Reef Fishes of the Sea of Cortez. The University of Texas Press. USA. 353 pp.

WELLINGTON, G. M. & VICTOR, B. C. 1988. Variation in components of reproductive success in an under saturated population of coral reef damselfish: a field perspective. American Naturalist 131: 588-601.

Previous post

Chinese fishes of the suborder Gobioidei

Next post

Deepsea fish with four eyes? See...

The Author

Rossella

Rossella

No Comment

Leave a reply