Fish Consumption in a midieval English bishop’s household, 1406-7
Daphne J. Martin
aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 81-88, Volume 5, Issue 2 – February 2002
The accounts of a fifteeth-century English bishop give details of the fish eaten in is Wiltshire household on meatless days, comprising twenty-five species of fish, and seven types of crustaceans and gastropods. This reflects the advances in ship building and fishing methods. The servants were fed imported smoked and pickled North Sea herring, ad salted and dried Icelandic cod, supplied by the Hanseatic league of German ports. The bishop, his guests and household officials ate a variety of fresh marine and freshwater species, caught in the English Channel and Severn estuary and in local rivers. The daily fish ration was 0.5-1 kg and the total annual cost of the fish was nearly 5% of the bishop’s income.
Backhouse, Janet, 1989. The Luttrell Psalter. British Library, London, 64 pp.
Carus Wilson, E. M., 1951. ‘The Iceland trade.’ in Studies in English Trade in the Fifteenth Century. (Ed. Eileen Power & M.M. Po stan) : 155-182. Routledge & Sons, London.
Farmer, D. Linnaeus, 1991. ‘Marketing the Produce of the Countryside.’ In: The Agrarian History of England and Wales. YoUII: 1348-1500. (Ed. Joan Thirsk) : 324-430. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
McGlashan, N. D. & Sandell, R. E., 1974. ‘The Bishop of Salisbury’s House at his Manor of Potteme.’ Wiltshire Archaeological & Natural History Magazine, Part B. Archaeology & Local History, 69 : 85-96.
Postan, M. M., 1951. ‘The economic and political relations of England and the Hanse from 1400 to 1475.’ in Studies in English Trade in the Fifteenth Century. (Ed. Eileen Power & M. M. Postan) : 91-154. Routledge & Sons, London.
Steane, J. M., 1988. ‘The Royal Fishponds of Medieval England’ in Medieval Fish, Fisheries and Fishponds in England, (Ed. M. Aston.) : 39-53. BAR British Series 182(i), Oxford.
Steane, J. M. & Foreman, M., 1988. ‘Medieval fishing tackle’ in Medieval Fish, Fisheries and Fishponds in England, (Ed. M. Aston.) : 137-186. BAR British Series 182(i), Oxford.
Unger, R. W., 1980. The Ship in the Medieval Economy 6()()’1600. Croom Helm, London, 304 pp.
Wheeler, A., 1969. London, 613 pp. Fishes of the British Isles and North-West Europe. Macmillan, London, 613 pp.
Wheeler, A., 1985. World Encyclopedia of Fishes. Macdonald, London, 368 pp.
Woolgar, C. M., 1992. Household Accounts from Medieval England, Part I. Records of Social and Economic History, New Series XVII, British Academy, Oxford, 430 pp.
Woolgar. C. M., 1999. The Great Household in Late Medieval England. Yale University Press, New Haven, 254 pp.