Papers/Abstracts

Larval development of laboratory-reared Green Mandarin, Synchiropus splendidus (Teleostei: Callionymidae)

Matthew L. Wittenrich, Carole C. Baldwin, Ralph G. Turingan

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 7-18, Volume 16, Issue 1 – 20 January 2010

Abstract

Larvae of Synchiropus splendidus (Herre, 1927) were obtained from natural spawnings of two wild-collected pairs of adults. Egg and larval development of S. splendidus is similar to that described for other callionymids. Eggs measure 0.8 mm in diameter and hatch after 13-16 hours at 26°C. Newly hatched larvae measure 1.56 ± .04 mm NL and begin feeding four days post-hatching (DPH) at 1.74 ± .06mm NL. The notochord accounts for 20% of the body length at 12 DPH. Larvae lack heavy ventral pigmentation, but have three distinctive lines of pigment on the posterior portion of the body – one along the base of the dorsal fin, one along the base of the anal fin, and one along mid-body. Larvae exhibit an ontogenetic color change from yellow to orange prior to settlement. Incidence of settlement was highest between 16-20 DPH. Ontogeny, including osteological development, is des­cribed from hatching to the juvenile stage.

Full Text | PDF (340 KB)

REFERENCES

FRICKE, R. 1983. Revision of the Indo-Pacific genera and species of the dragonet family Callionymidae (Teleostei). Theses Zoology 3: 1-774.

GILL, T. N. 1859. On a new family type of fishes related to the blennioids. Annals of the Lycium of Natural History of New York 8: 141-144.

GLADSTONE, W. 1987. The eggs and larvae of the sharpnose pufferfish Canthigaster valentini (Pisces: Tetraodontidae) are unpalatable to other reef fishes. Copeia 1: 227-230.

HERRE, A. W. C. T. 1927. A new genus and three new species of Philippine fishes. Philippine Journal of Science 32 (3): 413-419.

HOUDE, E. D. 1984. Callionymidae: development and relationships. In: Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. (Ed. H. G. MOSER et al.): 637-640. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Special Publication, No. 1. Allen, New York, USA.

HUNT VON HERBING, I., MIYAKE, T., HALL, B. K. & BOUTILIER, R. G. 1996. Ontogeny of feeding and respiration in larval Atlantic cod Gadhus morhua (Teleostei, Gadiformes): II. Function. Journal of Morphology 227: 37-50.

JORDAN, D. S., IN EIGENMANN, C. H. & EIGENMANN R. S. 1888. A list of the American species of Gobiidae and Callionymidae, with notes on the specimens contained in the Museum of Comparative Zoölogy, at Cambridge, Massachusetts. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (Series 2) 1: 51-78.

JORDAN, D. S. & FOWLER, H. W. 1903. A review of the dragonets (Callionymidae) and related fishes of the waters of Japan. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 25 (1305): 939-959.

LEIS, J. M. & RENNIS, D. S. 1983. The larvae of Indo-Pacific coral reef fishes. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii, 269 pp.

LINDQUIST, N. 2002. Chemical defense of early life stages of benthic marine invertebrates. Journal of Chemical Ecology 28: 1987-2000.

LIU C. 2001. Early osteological development of the yellow tail Seriola dumerili Pisces: Carangidae). Zoological Studies 40 (4): 289-298.

MAI, W. 2000. Nachzucht des mandarinfisches. Jahrgang 53: 8-9.

MAI, W. 2006. Mission accomplished: spawning the spotted mandarinfish (Synchiropus picturatus). Coral 2 (6): 60-65.

MCCLINTOCK, J. B. & VERNON, J. D. 1990. Chemical defense in the eggs and embryos of Antarctic sea stars (Echinodermata). Marine Biology 105: 491-495.

MOTEKI, M. 2002. Morphological aspects of feeding and improvement in feeding ability in the early larval stages of red sea bream Pagrus major. Fisheries Science 68: 996-1003.

MYERS, R. F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes. 2nd Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam, 330 pp.

PALLAS, P. S. 1770. Spicilegia Zoologica quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur. Spicilegia Zoologica quibus novae imprimis et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur 1 (8): 1-56.

PETERS, W. (C.H.) 1877. Übersicht der während der von 1874 bis 1876 unter der Commando des Hrn. Capitän z. S. Freiherrn von Schleinitz ausgeführten Reise S. M. S. Gazelle gesammelten und von der Kaiserlichen Admiralität der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften übersandten Fische. Monatsberichte der Akademie der Wissenschaft zu Berlin 1876 1877: 831-854.

PILLSBURY, R. W. 1957. Avoidance of poisonous eggs of the marine fish Scorpaenichthys marmoratus by predators. Copeia 3: 251-252.

POTTHOFF, T. 1984. Clearing and staining techniques. In: Ontogeny and systematics of fishes. (Ed. H.G. MOSER et al.): 35-37. American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Special Publication, No. 1. Allen, New York.

POWELL, A. B. & GREENE, M. 2000. Preliminary guide to the identification of the early life history stages of callionymid fishes of the western Central Atlantic. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-SEFSC-437, 8 pp.

SADOVY, Y., MITCHESON, G. & RASOTTO, M. B. 2001. Early development of mandarinfish, Synchiropus splendidus (Callionymidae), with notes on its fishery and potential for culture. Aquarium Science and Conservation 3: 253-263.

SADOVY, Y., RANDALL, J. E. & RASOTTO, M. B. 2005. Skin structure in six dragonet species (Gobiesociformes: Callionymidae): interspecific differences in glandular cell types and mucus secretion. Journal of Fish Biology 66: 1411-1418.

SMITH, J. L. B. 1963. Fishes of the families Draconettidae and Callionymidae from the Red Sea and the western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 28: 547-564.

TAKITA, T. 1983. Embryonic and larval development of the callionymid fish, Callionymus calliste. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 29: 441-445.

THRESHER, R. E. 1984. Reproduction in reef fishes. TFH Publications, Neptune City, 399 pp.

VINCENT, A. C .J. & SADOVY, Y. 1998. Reproductive ecology in the conservation and management of fishes. In: Behavioural ecology and conservation biology (Ed. T. CARO): 209-245. Oxford University Press, New York.

WILKERSON, J. 1996. C-Quest Hatchery – Innovations in captive ornamental marine fish culturing. Freshwater and Marine Aquarium Magazine 19 (4): 123-138.

WITTERNICH, M. L. 2009. Breeding mandarins. Coral 6 (1): 54-61.

YOUNG, C. M. & BINGHAM, B. L. 1987. Chemical defense and aposematic coloration in larvae of the ascidian Ecteinascidia turbinate. Marine Biology 96: 539-544.

Previous post

Notes on soapfishes (Serranidae: Grammistinae), with a pictorial review of the genus Pogonoperca

Next post

Hemiscyllium michaeli, a new species of Bamboo Shark (Hemiscyllidae) from Papua New Guinea

The Author

Rossella

Rossella

No Comment

Leave a reply