Observations on spawning behavior and periodicity in the Bluegreen Chromis (Pomacentridae: Chromis viridis), in Madang Lagoon, Papua New Guinea
Kathleen S. Cole
aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 27-34, Volume 14, Issue 1, 28 January 2008
Two populations of the schooling zooplanktivore, Chromis viridis (Teleostei: Pomacentridae), observed in Madang Lagoon, Papua New Guinea, exhibited a high degree of localized spawning synchrony. The reproductive activities associated with synchronized spawning fell into three distinct phases, including an initial aggregation phase, a subsequent spawning phase, and a final embryo-guarding phase. These activities lasted a total of five days at each site. The aggregation-spawning sequence was closely associated with a semi-lunar cycle at the time of the new and full moon, indicating that lunar cues are used to generally synchronize activities among interacting individuals at a particular site. However, the time of spawning for Wongad and Tab populations were not precisely coincident. This absence of temporal alignment in two, relatively closely situated C. viridis populations indicates that more localized, possibly site-specific, cues determine the fine-scale timing for the onset of the reproductive sequence.
ALBRECHT, H. 1969. Behaviour of four species of Atlantic damselfishes from Columbia, South America (Abudefduf saxatiles, A. taurus, Chromis multilineata, C. cyanea; Pisces, Pomacentridae). Zeitschrift fürTierpsychologie 26: 662-676.
ALLEN, G. R. 1991. Damselfishes of theWorld. Mergus Publishers Hans A. Baensch, Melle, Germany, 271 pp.
AMORIM, M. C. P. 1996. Sound production in the bluegreen damselfish, Chromis viridis (Cuvier, 1830) (Pomacentridae). Bioacoustics 6: 265–272.
ASOH, K. 2003. Reproductive parameters of female Hawaiian damselfish Dascyllus albisella with comparison to other tropical and subtropical damselfishes. Marine Biology 143: 803–810.
COLE, K. S. & SADOVY, Y. 1995. Evaluating the use of spawning success to estimate reproductive success in a Caribbean reef fish. Journal of Fish Biology 47: 181–191.
COUGHLIN, D. J. & STRICKLER, J. R. 1990. Zooplankton capture by a coral reef fish: an adaptive response to evasive prey. Environmental Biology of Fishes 29: 35-42.
DE BOER, B. A. 1978. Factors influencing the distribution of the damselfish Chromis cyanea (Poey), Pomacentridae, on a reef at Curaçao, Netherlands, Antilles. Bulletin of Marine Science 28: 550-565.
FUJII, R., KASUKAWA, H., MAYAJI, K. & OSHIMA, N. 1989. Mechanisms of skin coloration and its changes in the bluegreen damselfish, Chromis viridis. Zoological Science 6: 477-486.
GLADSTONE, W. 2007. Temporal patterns of spawning and hatching in a spawning aggregation of the temperate reef fish Chromis hypsilepis (Pomacentridae). Marine Biology 151: 1143-1152.
GLADSTONE,W. &WESTOBY, M. 1988. Growth and reproduction in Canthigaster valentini (Pisces, Tetraodontidae): a comparison of a toxic reef fish with other reef fishes. Environmental Biology of Fishes 21: 207-221.
JEBB, M. H. P. & LOWRY, J. K. 1995. Natural history of Madang Lagoon with an appendix of collecting localities. Records of the Australian Museum, Supplements 22: 1-24
KOHN, A. 2001. Maximal species richness in Conus: diversity, diet and habitat on reefs of northeast Papua New Guinea. Coral Reefs 20: 25-38.
LANGER, M. R. & LIPPS, J. H. 2003. Foraminiferal distribution and diversity,Madang Reef and Lagoon, Papua New Guinea. Coral Reefs 22: 143-154.
LECCHINI, D., SHIMA, J., BANAIGS, B. & GALZIN, R. 2005. Larval sensory abilities and mechanisms of habitat selection of a coral reef fish during settlement. Oecologia 143: 326-334.
LECCHINI, D., PLANES, S. & GALZIN, R. 2006. The influence of habitat characteristics and conspecifics on attraction and survival of coral reef fish. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 341: 85-90.
MYERS, R. F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes (Third edition). Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam, 3308 pp.
MYRBERG, A. A., JR., BRAHY, B. D. & EMERY, A. R. 1967. Field observations on reproduction of the damselfish, Chromis multilineata (Pomacentridae), with additional notes on general behavior. Copeia 1967: 819-827.
NAKAZONO, A., TAKEYA, H. &TSUKAHARA, H. 1979. Studies on the spawning behavior of Chromis notata (Temminck et Schlegel). Science Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 34: 29–37.
OCHI, H. 1986. Breeding synchrony and spawning intervals in the temperate damselfish Chromis notata. Environmental Biology of Fishes 17: 117-123.
ÖHMAN, M. C., MUNDAY, P. L., JONES, G. P. & CALEY, M. J. 1998. Settlement strategies and distribution patterns of coral-reef fishes. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 225: 219-238.
PANDOLFI, J. M. & MINCHIN, P. R. 1995. A comparison of taxonomic composition and diversity between reef coral life and death assemblages inMadang Lagoon, Papua New Guinea. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 119: 321-341.
ROBERTSON, D. R., PETERSEN, C.W.&BRAWN, J. D. 1990. Lunar reproductive cycles of benthic-brooding reef fishes: reflections of larval biology or adult biology? Ecological Monographs 60: 311-329.
RUSSELL, B. C. 1971. Underwater observations on the reproductive activity of the demoiselle Chromis dispilus (Pisces; Pomacentridae). Marine Biology 10: 22-29.
SALE, P. F. 1971. The reproductive behaviour of the pomacentrid fish, Chromis caeruleus. Zeitschrift für Tierpsychologie 29: 156-64.
SMITH, M. F. L. & WARBURTON, K. 1992. Predator shoaling moderates the confusion effect in blue-green chromis, Chromis viridis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 30: 103-107.
SWEATMAN, H. P. A. 1985. The influence of adults of some coral reef fishes on larval recruitment Ecolological Monographs 55: 469-485.
SWERDLOFF, S. N. 1970. Behavioral observations on Eniwetok damselfishes (Pomacentridae: Chromis) with special reference to the spawning of Chromis caeruleus. Copeia 1970: 371-375.
THRESHER. R. E. 1984. Reproduction in Reef Fishes. TFH Publishing, Neptune City, New Jersey, 399 pp.
TYLER, W. A., III & STANTON, F. G. 1995. Potential influence of food abundance on spawning patterns in a damselfish, Abudefduf abdominalis. Bulletin of Marine Science 57: 610-623.
TZIOUMIS, V. & KINGSFORD, M. J. 1995. Periodicity of spawning of two temperate damselfishes: Parma microlepis and Chromis dispilus. Bulletin of Marine Science 57: 596-609.