Pictichromis dinar, a new dottyback (Perciformes: Pseudochromidae) from Indonesia

John E. Randall and Jennifer K. Schultz

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 169-176, Volume 15, Issue 4 – 15 October 2009


A new pseudochromid fish species, Pictichromis dinar, is described from five specimens from the western side of the Gulf of Tomini, Sulawesi, Indonesia, where it occurred on a drop-off in 15 to 25 m. It is bright purple anteriorly and abruptly bright yellow posteriorly in life, hence remarkably similar to P. paccagnellae (range from Bali and Sulawesi to Vanuatu), and to P. coralensis (range from Queensland to New Caledonia). The demarcation of purple and yellow is generally more anterior and more slanting in P. dinar. The caudal fin of P. paccagnellae and P. coralensis varies from slightly rounded to slightly emarginate, compared to distinctly emarginate in P. dinar, the caudal concavity is 9.9-11.2% SL. Also, P. dinar has modally one more gill raker. Thirty specimens of Pictichromis dinar and 28 of Pictichromis paccagnellae were assessed at 628 base pairs of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase I gene. No haplotypes are shared between the species, and within species sequence divergence (d = 0.003) is an order of magnitude lower than sequence divergence between the two species d = 0.06). This is consistent with reproductive isolation and species-level designation.

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