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24(2)_two n. sp. of moray eels

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SINGLE PAPER
Volume 24, Issue 2 – 03 September 2018

Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann and Abraham B. Sianipar: Descriptions of two new species of moray eels (Pisces: Muraenidae) from northwestern Flores, Indonesia, pp. 37-46

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Description

SINGLE PAPER
Volume 24, Issue 2 – 03 September 2018

Gerald R. Allen, Mark V. Erdmann and Abraham B. Sianipar: Descriptions of two new species of moray eels (Pisces: Muraenidae) from northwestern Flores, Indonesia, pp. 37-46

Abstract

Two new species belonging to the muraenid genus Gymnothorax are described from northwestern Flores, Indonesia. Gymnothorax longinaris is described from a single specimen, 236.5 mm TL. It differs from all other members of the genus in having a combination of enlarged posterior nasal appendages, 117 total vertebrae, and a colour pattern consisting of 14 dark-brown bars and 14 large, ocelli markings (when viewed dorsally) on the dorsal fin. Gymnothorax paucivertebralis is described from two specimens, 183.0-227.0 mm TL. Although it exhibits a colour pattern that is similar to G. kidako from the Indo-Pacific region, it differs from that species and all other western Pacific congenerics in having an exceptionally low number of total vertebrae (101-103). The colour in life is pale yellow with a brown reticulated network and prominent brown banding on the dorsal and anal fins.