Papers/Abstracts

Pterois andover, a new species of scorpionfish (Pisces: Scorpaenidae) from Indonesia and Papua New Guinea

Gerald R. Allen and Mark V. Erdmann

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 127-138, Volume 13, Issue 3-4 – 23 January 2008

Abstract

A new species of scorpionfish, Pterois andover, is described on the basis of six specimens, 83.9-168.0 mm SL, collected at southwestern Halmahera and western New Guinea (Papua and Papua Barat  provinces, Indonesia). It has also been photographed at northern Sulawesi and Flores, Indonesia and Milne Bay Province, Papua New Guinea. The new taxon superficially resembles P. volitans, a sympatric widespread Pacific species, but differs in having larger body scales ( 81 and 18-25 respectively) and usually 13 versus 14 pectoral-fin rays. The two species are readily distinguished underwater on the basis of dorsal fin morphology, particularly the shape and colour of the spine membranes. Pterois andover possesses a narrow membrane posteriorly on each spine, which is more or less uniform brown and terminates in an exaggerated pennant-like structure. In contrast, the membranes of P. volitans are broader, boldly striped, and usually lack a well differentiated terminal pennant. The new species also has consistently fewer and fainter spots on the caudal, soft-dorsal, and soft-anal fins except for the population of P. volitans from western Australia.

Full Text | PDF (268 KB)

REFERENCES

ALLEN, G. R. & ADRIM, M. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies 42 (1): 1-72.

ALLEN, G. R. & ESCHMEYER, W. N. 1973. Turkeyfishes at Eniwetok. Pacific Discovery 26: 3-11.

ALLEN, G., STEENE, R., HUMANN, P. & DELOACH, N. 2003. Reef fish identification tropical Pacific. New World Publications, Jacksonville, Florida. 480 pp.

BENNETT, J. W. 1828. A selection from the most remarkable and interesting fishes found on the coast of Ceylon. London. Pls. 1-10.

CUVIER, G. & VALENCIENNES, A. 1829. Histoire naturelle des poissons. Tome quatrième. Livre quatrième. Des acanthoptérygiens à joue cuirassée. Paris, 518 pp.

ESCHMEYER, W. N. 1969. A systematic review of the scorpionfishes of the Atlantic Ocean (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). Occasional Papers of the California Academy of Sciences 79: 1-143.

ESCHMEYER, W. N. 1986. Family No. 149: Scorpaenidae, Family No. 159. In: Smiths’ Sea Fishes (Eds. M. M. Smith & P. C. Heemstra): 463-478. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg.

FISHELSON, L. 2006. Evolution in action – peacock-feather like supraocular tentacles of the lionfish, Pterois volitans – the distribution of a new signal. Environmental Biology of Fishes 75 (3): 343-348.

GOLANI, D. & SONIN, O. 1992. New record of the Red Sea fishes, Pterois miles (Scorpaenidae) and Pteragogus pelycus (Labridae) from the eastern Mediterranean Sea. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology 39 (2): 167-169.

KOCHZIUS, M., SÖLLER, R., KHALAF, M. A. & BLOHM, D. 2003. Molecular phylogeny of the lionfish genera Dendrochirus and Pterois (Scorpaenidae, Pteroinae) based on mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 28: 396-403.

KUITER, R. H & TONOZUKA, T. 2001. Photo Guide to Indonesian Reef Fishes. Volume 1. Zoonetics, Seaford, Australia, 302 pp.

POSS, S. G. 1999. Scorpaenidae. In: FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae): 2291-2352. FAO, Rome.

RANDALL, J. E. 1995. Coastal fishes of Oman. Crawford House Publishing. Bathurst, Australia, 439 pp.

RUSSELL, P. 1803. Descriptions and figures of two hundred fishes: collected at Vizagapatam on the coast of Coromandel. London. In 2 Volumes: i-vii + 78 pp. + 85 pp.

SCHULTZ, E. T. 1986. Pterois volitans and Pterois miles: two valid species. Copeia 1986 (3): 686-690.

SMITH, J. L. B. 1957. The fishes of the family Scorpaenidae in the western Indian Ocean. Part. II. The subfamilies Pteroinae, Apistinae, Setarchinae and Sebastinae. Ichthyological Bulletin of the J. L. B. Smith Institute of Ichthyology 5: 75-87.

WEBER, M. & DE BEAUFORT, L. F. 1962. The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. XI. Scleroparei, Hypostomides, Pediculati, Plectognathi, Opisthomi, Discocephali, Xenopterygii. [This volume was authored by L. F. de Beaufort in collaboration with J. C. Briggs]. E. J. Brill, Leiden, 481 pp.

WHEELER, A. 1958. The Gronovius fish collection: a catalog and historical account. Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) History Series 1 (5): 185-249.

WHITFIELD, P. E., GARDNER, T., VIVES, S. P., GILLIGAN, M. R., COURTENAY, W. R. JR., RAY, G. C. & HARE, J. A. 2002. Biological invasion of the Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans along the Atlantic coast of North America. Marine Ecology Progress Series 23: 289-297.

WHITLEY, G. P. 1951. Studies in Ichthyology. No. 15. Records of the Australian Museum 22 (4): 389-408.

Previous post

Corythoichthys benedetto, a new pipefish (Pisces: Syngnathidae) from Indonesia and Papua New Guinea

Next post

Pseudanthias charleneae, a new basslet (Serranidae: Anthiinae) from Indonesia

The Author

Rossella

Rossella

No Comment

Leave a reply