Solenostomus halimeda, a New Species of Ghost Pipefish (Teleostei: Gasterosteiformes) from the Indo-Pacific, with a Revised Key to the known species of the Family Solenostomidae
James Wilder Orr, Ronald Alan Fitzsche and John Ernest Randall
aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 99-108, Volume 5, Issue 3 – June 2002
Solenostomus halimeda is described as a new species of the solenostomidae, the ghost pipefishes, from specimens collected from the Maldives, western Australia, Papua New Guinea, and the Mariana Islands. The new species differs from all other solenostomids in the length of its spinous dorsal pelvic, and caudal fins, its truncate caudal fin, lower dorsal and anal fin ray counts, and small size at sexual maturity. Solenostomus halimeda is most similar to S. cyanopterus, from which it also differs in its more slender snout, absence of a premaxillary spine in males, and presence of abdominal prickles. Unlike S. paradoxus, S. halimeda possesses multifid dermal papillae, nasal lamellae of males that fill only half the olfactory pit, and a reduced supraoccipital ridge. Unlike S. armatus, the new species ha a reduced supraoccipital ridge and a more robust body, and females have a small dorsal patch of nasal lamellae and a convex pelvic fin margin. A revised key to adults of the family, and colour photographs of Solenostomus halimeda, S. paradoxus, S. cyanopterus and a diagram of S. armatus are provided.
Halstead, R., Halstead, D., & S. Sarta. 1998. Coral reefs of Papua New Guinea. Adventures S.r.l., Milan, Italy. 208 pp.
Kuiter, R. 2000. Seahorses, pipefishes and their relatives. A comprehensive guide to the Syngnathiformes. TMC Publishing, Chorleywood, United Kingdom. 240 pp.
Leviton, A. E. & Gibbs, R. H., Jr. 1988. Standards in herpetology and ichthyology. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections in herpetology and ichthyology. Suppl. No.1: additions and corrections. Copeia 1988 (1): 280-282.
Leviton, A. E., Gibbs, R. H. Jr., Heal, E., & C.E. Dawson. 1985. Standards in herpetology and ichthyology: part I. Standard symbolic codes for institutional resource collections inherpetology and ichthyology. Copeia 1985 (4): 802-832.
Myers, R. F. 1999. Micronesian reef fishes, 3rd edition. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Territory of Guam. 522 pp.
Orr, J. W. & R. A. Fritzsche. 1993. Revision of the ghost pipefishes, family Solenostomidae (Teleostei: Syngnathoidei). Copeia 1993 (1): 168-182.
Orr, J. W. & R. A. Fritzsche. 1997. Solenostomus tuticoriensis Venkataramanujam, Venkataramani, and Devaraj, 1993, a junior synonym of Macrorhamphosodes platycheilus Fowler, 1934 (Tetraodontiformes: Triacanthodidae). Copeia 1997 (4): 888-889.
Poss, S. G. & B. B. Collette. 1995. Second survey of fish collections in the United States and Canada. Copeia 1995 (1): 48-70.
Statistical Sciences. 1999. S-PLUS 2000 Professional Edition for Windows, Release 2. Seattle, WA.
Weber, M. 1913. Die Fische der Siboga-Expedition E. J. Brill, Ltd., Leiden, i-xii +1-710, Pls.1-12. The Netherlands.