Two new species of Creole Wrasse (Labridae: Clepticus) from opposite sides of the Atlantic

J. B. Heiser, R. L. Moura, and D. R. Roberson

aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 67-76, Volume 4, Issue 2 – December 2000


Two new species of labrid are described, one each from the eastern and western sides of the equatorial Atlantic. Clepticus africanus, n. sp., is described from fourteen specimens collected from São Tomé Island in the Gulf of Guinea off the equatorial African coast. Clepticus brasiliensis, n. sp., is described from nine-teen specimens (plus additional material) collected from the coast and offshore islands of Brazil south of the Amazon. Neither species is significantly different in morphometric or meristic characters from the heretofore sole member of the genus, the tropical western North Atlantic Clepticus parrae. Both new specis are distinguished from C. parrae. Both new species are distinguished from C. parrae by coloration and by the development in adults of greatly extended fin rays (two-thirds the standard length) from the tips of the upper and lower lobes of the forked caudal fin: the mostly balck African creole Wrasse with one filament on each lobe of the caudal, and the mostly mauve to purple Brazilian Creole Wrasse with two or more such filaments. The two new specis represent a pair of amphi-Atlatic sister taxa.

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