Variation in habitat and color of the Hawaiian scorpionfish Sebastapistes coniorta
John E. Randall and John L. Earle
aqua, International Journal of Ichthyology, pp. 61-68, Volume 15, Issue 2 – 15 April 2009
Small scorpionfish specimens found in two old Bishop Museum lots of Sebastapistes ballieui from the Hawaiian Islands and suspected of being the non-Hawaiian S. cyanostigma, are re-identified as the Hawaiian endemic S. coniorta. The wide-ranging Indo-Pacific S. cyanostigma is distinguished from S. coniorta in having numerous white dots rather than small dark brown spots, and in the structure of the double suborbital ridge (merging to a single ridge posteriorly in S. cyanostigma). Unusual variation in the habitat and life color of S. coniorta is documented.
BENNETT, E.T. 1828. Observations on the fishes contained in the collection of the Zoological Society. On some fishes from the Sandwich Islands. Zoological Journal, London 4 (13, art. 3): 31-42.
ESCHMEYER, W. N. & RANDALL J. E. 1975. The scorpaenid fishes of the Hawaiian Islands, including new species and new records (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 40 (11): 265-334.
FOWLER, H.W. 1928. The fishes of Oceania. Memoirs of the Bernice P. Bishop Msueum 10: iii + 540 pp.
FOWLER, H. W. & STEINITZ. 1956. Fishes from Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Israel and Oman. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel 5B (3-4): 260-292.
JENKINS, O. P. 1903. Report on collections of fishes made in the Hawaiian Islands, with descriptions of new species. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission 22 (for 1902): 417-511.
GOSLINE, W. A. 1955. The inshore fish fauna of Johnston Island, a Central Pacific atoll. Pacific Science 9 (4): 442-480.
GOSLINE, W. A. & BROCK V. E. 1960. Handbook of Hawaiian Fishes. University of Hawai’i Press, Honolulu. 372 pp.
GÜNTHER, A. 1873-1910. Andrew Garrett’s Fische der Südsee. Journal des Museum Godeffroy, parts 3, 6, 9, 11, 13, 15, 16, and 17 in vols. 2, 4, and 6. Hamburg.
MYERS, R. F. 1999. Micronesian Reef Fishes, ed. 3. Coral Graphics, Guam. vi + 330 pp. RANDALL, J. E. 2007. Reef and Shore Fishes of the Hawaiian Islands. Sea Grant College Program of the University of Hawai‘i, Honolulu. xiv + 546 pp.
RANDALL, J. E. & POSS, S. G. 2002. Redescription of the Indo-Pacific scorpionfish Scorpaenopsis fowleri and reallocation to the genus Sebastapistes. Pacific Science 56 (1): 57-64.
SCHULTZ, L. P. & COLLABORATORS: WOODS, L. P. & LACHNER, E. A.. 1966. Fishes of the Marshall and Marianas Islands. Vol. 3. Families Kraemeriidae through Antennariidae. Bulletin of the United States National Museum 202: vii + 178 pp.