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Volume 24, Issue 3 – 01 October 2018

Volume 24, Issue 3 – 01 October 2018
New Scientific publication – started delivery on October 01, 2018

Full Text | PDF (1,9 MB)

Laith A. Jawad, Mustafa S. Faddagh Ziyadi, Joacim Näslund, Thomas Pohl and Mustafa A. Al-Mukhtar: Checklist of the fishes of the newly discovered coral reeef in Iraq, north-west Arabian Gulf, with 10 new records to the Arabian Gulf, pp.  89-138


An account of the fishes of a newly discovered coral reef area in Iraq is presented. During ichthyological surveys in the area in 2012 and 2013, a total of 93 species in 48 families were recorded from the region. The most speciose families containing 8 species are Haemulidae and Sparidae. There is one family with 6 species (Carangidae) and there are 31 monospecific families. A total of 33 and 10 new species are recorded from the newly discovered coral reef area for Iraq and the Arabian Gulf area, respectively. In addition, 8 species are confirmed for Iraqi waters, and 6 more are confirmed for the Arabian Gulf. The reef area contains several species with estuarine habits, as well as a number of typical coral reef-associated species. Species with small bodies or cryptic behaviour seem to be missing from the record as a consequence of sampling methodology. Hence, the present list is likely to be extended along with future sampling efforts. Anthropogenic impacts in the form of climate change and pollutants from the Shatt al-Arab River, as well as environmental factors, such as strong tidal currents and high turbidity caused by sediments discharge by Shatt al-Arab River, are considered sources for threats to the newly discovered coral reef area.

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Rhizoprionodon oligolinx, Photo by L. A. Jawad

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